Pakistan renowned for its amazing city, Lahore; the foodie city , the desert city of Bahawalpur, rich culture and much more. Sindh is a remarkable province of Pakistan for its world renowned archaeological sites such as Thatta, Mohenjo-Daro and Bhambore. The past and present of the place reveals, that Sindh knows how to bring together an immense historical past with the bright future, protected through generations. Let’s have an amazing trip of some archaeological and historical sites of this radiant place.
Thatta was a historical city of 220,000 inhabitants, located in the south east Sindh, near Keenjhar Lake, the largest freshwater lake of Pakistan. Thatta can be called as ‘Rome of Pakistan’ due to its architecture and literature history, making it a must place to visit in Pakistan.
The city has large number of monuments and most of them are designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It was the home town of Alexander the Great, who was once an inhabitant of Thatta along with many scholars and poets. The Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan, Famous for his Taj Mahal, also built a Mosque here which is just as beautiful as the famous Taj Mahal, still standing with all its glory. Thatta is a very famous place of Sindh as it is much nearer to the massive and most important city of Pakistan, Karachi.
Mohenjo-Daro, also known as Mounds of Dead, is an archaeological site in the province of Sindh, near Karachi. It was built in 2600 BCE, regarded as one of the oldest civilization on earth and one of the world’s earliest urban Settlements, contemporary with ancient civilization of Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was abandoned in 19th century BC but discovered again in 1922.
After significant excavation of city site, Mohenjo-Daro was designated as World Heritage Site in 1980. The city beholds a very complicated engineering and urban planning which is very in Indus Valley Civilization. The lifestyle of the people, who lived in this excellently planned city, still astonishes and mesmerize tourists all year round. If you happen to find yourself at the site, don’t forget to visit the Great baths and the Dancing Girl with priest King.
Bhambore, the city of tragic love story of Sassi and Punnu, disowned by their families, enlivens the history of the place. This archaeological city dating back to the 1st century BC, is located in Sindh east of Karachi. Bhambore is also considered an earliest port of Debal from 7th to 8th Century. Arab conquer, Mohammad Bin Qasim, first landed at this city to save his people, who were taken hostage by pirates of the Arabian Sea. Later, he invaded Sindh through this city and after him; city remained under control of Muslim rulers. The earliest mosque of this region was also built in this city that still perpetuate with all its magnificence. The city was an essential trading channel between two large regions, Asia and Arabia for centuries, however in 2004, Bhambore was listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites to preserve this historical city.
The Mohatta palace is located in Karachi and built by a Marwari Businessman, Shivratan Chandraratan. Originally built as a vocational place in summer, the owner lived in this stunning palace after the partition of 1947. The palace is a self-explanatory proof of Rajasthani Architecture, made of pink stones of Jodhapur and local yellow stones of Gizri. Until 1980, the palace was served as the residency of Fatima Jinnah and Shirin Jinnah, who were the sisters Muhammad Ali Jinnah. After the death of Shirin Jinnah, the palace was converted into a museum and used as a venue for art exhibitions.
This lake is considered as wildlife sanctuary, located in district Thatta, south east Sindh. Every year thousands of birds flock to this lake in winter season, making it the venue for the biggest bird migration. The Haleji Lake was originally depressed due to less collection of water but in British regime, the capacity of water increased by building of a canal feeder at Sindh River. Apart from waterfowl which is the main highlight of Lake, Haleji also home to large number of Buzzards, pigeons, Coot, Pintails, osprey, marsh crocodiles and Bewick’s Swan.
The Chaukhundi tombs forms an early Islamic cemetery, is located 29 km from east of Karachi. First built in 15th and then in the 18th century during Mughal rule, these tombs generally used as family graveyards of Jokhio tribe of Sindh but other tribes, mainly Baluch are also buried here. The tombs are acclaimed for their typical architectural style of Sindh region and also famous for their sandstone carvings. These unique pyramid shaped tombs are embroidered with geometrical pattern, symbols, flowers, crosses and diamonds. This kind of architecture cannot be found anywhere in the world
Although Karachi lost its crown as Pakistan’s Capital but is still the seat of country’s cultural elite. Sindh is home to some of the historical and archaeological sites belonging to an ancient civilisation, so if you are planning your trip for a diverse cultural and ancient place, you should head straight to Sindh.